agency cost

agency cost
эк., обычно мн. агентские издержки [затраты\]
а) (затраты, которые несет принципал, когда нанимает агента для выполнения какой-л. задачи, а не выполняет ее сам; включают в себя три элемента: затраты на контроль агента, затраты агента на предоставление информации для контроля, отклонение прибыли или полезности принципала от потенциально достижимого уровня при самостоятельном выполнении принципалом функций агента)
б) (затраты, связанные с наличием агентских конфликтов; напр., в случае агентского конфликта между собственниками и менеджерами, это затраты на контроль действий менеджеров, затраты на реструктуризацию управленческой структуры, чтобы пресечь нежелательные действия менеджеров, издержки упущенных возможностей, связанные с ограничением действий менеджеров и т. п.)

Англо-русский экономический словарь.

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